Orientalism, whose journey is the workshop, is defined first of all by the exploration of territories inscribed, for the most part, within the limits of the Ottoman Empire. From Delacroix to Paul Klee, by privileging the French expression, this book traces the stages of a multiform artistic movement whose importance is increasingly recognized. "The world is less real than what activates our inner life", written in La voie cruelle Ella Maillart, one of the great travelers of the twentieth century. This encounter between the intimate and the strange, between the other and the same, defines the itinerant practice and also applies to orientalism. Far from being only the result of a reading of maps or fluctuations of tendencies, these works are at the crossroads of objective territories and imaginaries sculpted by a milieu. The confrontations between the here and the elsewhere arouse, through cultural filters, glances peculiar to the artists of the West, who today seek our interpretations.