The Ku Klux Klan, a pure product of American history, has not finished making news. For a century and a half, its night sorties, its flaming crosses and its pointed hoods have haunted people's minds. Founded in the aftermath of the Civil War, it has long embodied the revanchist spirit of the South before joining the ranks of the American ultra-right. From the smoldering ruins of the slaveholding Confederacy to the election of Obama, via desegregation, the Invisible Empire has become the spearhead of white supremacist organizations. A perfect reflection of a country struggling to rid itself of its old demons, it continues to shroud its activities in a veil of mystery. With his brutal methods, his rigorous morality and his esoteric ritual, he has become the apostle of hatred and intolerance in the name of the puritanical values of deep America.
Farid Ameur has a doctorate in history and is a specialist in the United States. He is the author of several books on the American nineteenth century, including The Civil War (2004), Sitting Bull, hero of the Indian resistance (2010) and Gettysburg (2014).